MOST READ Coco’s house rules on ‘Probinsyano’ set View comments Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Margot Robbie talks about filming ‘Bombshell’s’ disturbing sexual harassment scene Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours It’s too early to present Duterte’s ‘legacy’ – Lacson Neymar had already missed the 3-1 weekend win against Lille due to suspension, and Emery said on Monday that he hoped the former Barcelona star would be back in “three or four days”.But PSG’s confirmed squad for the last-16 tie in Strasbourg — where they lost 2-1 in the league 10 days ago — was missing Neymar as well as Thiago Silva, Thiago Motta, Adrien Rabiot and Layvin Kurzawa. They have won the League Cup in each of the last four seasons.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’SPORTSBrian Heruela arrival bolsters Phoenix backcourt, defenseAmid speculation as to the reasons behind Neymar’s trip home, Brazilian website Globoesporte published social media messages accompanied by photographs which suggest he could have been at the birthday party of his friend’s father and had also visited a dental clinic.On Monday, Neymar published a photo of himself on Twitter with the message: “Focus, strength and faith for the celebration of another day!!” OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Kiss-and-tell matinee idol’s conquests: True stories or tall tales? LATEST STORIES Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Jake says relationship with Shaina ‘goes beyond physical attraction’ Jo Koy: My brain always wants to think funny Phivolcs records 2 ‘discrete weak ash explosions’ at Taal Volcano Paris Saint-Germain’s Brazilian forward Neymar runs at the field during the UEFA Champions League football match of Bayern Munich vs Paris Saint-Germain on December 5, 2017 in Munich, southern Germany. / AFP PHOTO / Christof STACHEParis Saint-Germain will again be without Neymar for their League Cup tie at Strasbourg on Wednesday, the club confirmed.Coach Unai Emery confirmed on Monday that the world’s most expensive player had been allowed to return to his native Brazil to deal with a family matter.ADVERTISEMENT Thunder star Paul George expects boos in return to Indiana
Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next LATEST STORIES In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ MOST READ Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award “The ones you remember are the ones that are crazy, but some leagues are risk averse,” said Doonan, author of the new book “Soccer Style: The Magic and Madness.”“The World Cup is a carnival. It’s not supposed to be a beacon of restraint and good taste,” he said.Doonan’s favorites on the flamboyant front: Croatia’s red-and-white checkerboard, reminiscent of the country’s flag and medieval coat of arms — and, some say, — the Big Boy burger chain (Nike); Colombia’s red-and-blue lightning bolts coming out of the armpits against a bright yellow background (Adidas); and Belgium’s horizontal dash of red-and-yellow Argyle, like the socks (also Adidas).Doonan is also a fan of vertical stripes (hello, Argentina in blue and white, just like your flag and your kits from your 1978 World Cup win).There are some jerseys he’s not hugely fond of as a matter of personal preference.“I’m very obsessed with symmetry, in life and in my work, so the Spain shirt, even though I’m a big fan of the Spanish team, the asymmetry of those shirts and that sort of folkloric zigzag only on one side, completely freaks me out,” Doonan said of the dash of yellow, blue and red against, well, red.And then there’s Nigeria, the social media and retail king heading into the World Cup.“They’re fabulous,” Doonan said.Bennett agreed: “You could wear it to a rave in Manchester in the 1990s and fit right in. It’s a great way to live a life.”As for the upside down Vs in the Nigeria design, Hoppins said it’s a nod to eagles — as in the team’s Super Eagles nickname. Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Or, in the case of Australia, gold with a riot of jagged lines on shoulders and sleeves of home jerseys. The algae green lines celebrate waves and the country’s proximity to various oceans and seas, said Nike football apparel senior design director Pete Hoppins. The away kit is all green with a diagonal slash of yellow and lighter green touches on the front, in tribute to Australia’s 2006 jerseys .Soccer fans have been buzzing for weeks about Nigeria’s shirts, to the delight of supplier Nike but not so much among folks back home who consider the $85 price tag out of reach . The away shirts are a screeching bright green, white and black with trippy jagged edging on a chevron pattern that may just be the World Cup’s shining Rorschach moment, along with an ode to the country’s style and pop culture energy.The we-have-arrived look is a modern reinvention of Nigeria’s 1994 kits, the first time the country qualified for the World Cup. The new shirts sold out in minutes on the first day of sales in some spots, including Nike’s flagship store in London and online, Hoppins said, after stakeholders decided early on to go bold and market the strips in a collection that also includes hats, T-shirts and jackets.“We’ve never seen anything like this before in terms of excitement, in terms of people queuing around the block,” Hoppins said, referring to the crowd that showed up June 1. “It’s something that Nike has never really done before, which is going all out and having fun with it. We want Nigeria to be everyone’s second team.”To Simon Doonan, soccer nut and creative ambassador at large for Barneys New York, when it comes to out-there World Cup shirts, you’re either in or you’re out.ADVERTISEMENT Winfrey details her decision to withdraw from Simmons film Those countries are among several of the more festive standouts in jerseys for the global soccer showcase, with loads of sentimental touches in the designs of the 32 teams.With millions in exposure and retail sales at stake, the World Cup kits of 2018 can be categorized, generally speaking, like this: Team Plain, Team Retro and Team Cool Kid on the Pitch.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crown“We didn’t used to care so much,” said Roger Bennett, who is half the wacky British duo of the “Men in Blazers” soccer show on NBC Sports.“What’s changed is the fusion of the World Cup and the Premier League and the Champions League and television as a global platform, and advertising, which has essentially transformed them from being just functional garments, nothing to see here, just polyester, everybody move along, to the single-most lucrative billboard in the world,” he said. “They may as well be spun from gold in terms of the impact that they have on the sports manufacturing brands that propel them.” China population now over 1.4 billion as birthrate falls In this June 5, 2018 photo people walk by Nigerian and Brazil national soccer team jerseys which are on display at a shop in London. With just days to go before the FIFA World Cup, some winners and losers have emerged among the often wild and wacky team jerseys. (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)NEW YORK — Spain, your asymmetry is showing. Nigeria, you’re so bright I need shades! Croatia, Russia’s fresh out of Big Boy restaurants.No worries, though, your party duds will be just the ticket once the World Cup gets underway June 14.ADVERTISEMENT Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours Other nationals also have ’90s throwback designs. Germany’s black-and-white shirts are an update of the jerseys won by Der Mannschaft’s 1990 champions.“That’s a nice bit of nostalgia,” Bennett said.Hoppins considers the ’90s a heyday in jersey style.In the clash of sports company titans behind the parade of shirts, Adidas “has the wind behind them,” as Bennett said, with 12 countries that include some powerhouse players, followed by Nike with 10, Puma with three and New Balance with two. Brands with one include Errea (Iceland), Hummel (Denmark), Uhlsport (Tunisia), Romai (Senega) and Umbro (Peru), with its iconic red sash against white.The U.S. didn’t qualify, so forget another patriotic jersey iteration on display. Remember 1994, the year Adidas went with a washed-out denim blue-and-star design that some dubbed the worst World Cup shirts in history?While acknowledging the deep pride and symbolism behind Croatia’s ever-present checkerboard, Bennett isn’t a fan: “I find it fairly terrifying. It’s a tablecloth.”Among the uniforms on Bennett’s not-so-much list: Iceland.“For whatever reason they’ve decided to clad their footballers in shirts so tight they’re like sausage casings,” Bennett said. “It’s all nipples.”He was all praise for the Japan jersey, a rich blue that references the ancient Japanese technique of sashiko hand stitching in a pattern of rows of tracks down the front.“It’s utterly captivating and everything that’s beautiful about a national football jersey,” he said. “That’s what we should aspire to.” North American trio beats Morocco to host 2026 World Cup Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Jury of 7 men, 5 women selected for Weinstein rape trial View comments Dave Chappelle donates P1 million to Taal relief operations DepEd’s Taal challenge: 30K students displaced
FEU condemns cyberbullying against one of its student-athletes But the veteran mentor called out the league and its game officials with UST on the receiving end of what he thought were missed calls right when his team was making a come back in the fourth set.Reyes said words that were nothing short of inflammatory directed towards referees Rene Gaspillo and Damiel Palada who officiated the game that the Lady Eagles won 25-21, 25-18, 16-25, 25-22.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back ChrissSPORTSCoronation night?SPORTSThirdy Ravena gets offers from Asia, Australian ball clubsREAD: UAAP volleyball: Ateneo bounces back, holds off UST for first winReyes said Ateneo got off scot-free despite what he saw as rotational errors in the Lady Eagles’ positioning on the court. “What can we do when we see those close calls? We don’t have a challenge system. What hurts the most was those close calls were called against us and they were made late in the game,” said Reyes in Filipino Wednesday at Filoil Flying V Center.“The best thing they can do is put in qualified referees to officiate the game, the ones who are really good in doing their job. The first they should ask if these referees were also volleyball players. I know we’re only human and we mistakes but they should understand the nature of the game.”“The best thing they could do is admit that they made a mistake at least us coaches will be relieved. But they kept on denying and that’s [expletive].”Reyes got riled up in the fourth set when Janine Balcorta got called with a net touch violation even though the ball was already on its way down to the baseline after an Ateneo attack.Balcorta’s error gave Ateneo a 20-17 lead but this was before UST captain Cherry Rondina heavily contested the call with lead refer Gaspillo.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college Japeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for Ginebra MOST READ Rogue cops marked as Gamboa’s targets in his appointment as PNP chief View comments MANILA, Philippines—University of Santo Tomas head coach Kung Fu Reyes accepted the Tigresses’ loss to Ateneo in the UAAP Season 81 women’s volleyball tournament on Wednesday.ADVERTISEMENT Reyes also called to question the jury’s role in the proceedings if table officials can’t review what the referees call, be it right or wrong.“My question is what is the role of the jury if there even is one? What can they do?” said Reyes whose team dropped to a 1-1 record. “The only thing they said was that the captain should talk to the referee and what? Nothing. Whatever the referee calls is final. The loss doesn’t actually matter but what matters is how the calls are made, especially in the end game.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Eugenie Bouchard’s bid for Australian Open spot ends in qualifying Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil Ginebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup title Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? Tom Brady most dominant player in AFC championship history Ginebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup title SEA Games 2019: No surprises as Gilas Pilipinas cruises to basketball gold PLAY LIST 06:27SEA Games 2019: No surprises as Gilas Pilipinas cruises to basketball gold01:00Chief Justice Peralta on upcoming UAAP game: UP has no match against UST00:50Trending Articles02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Don’t miss out on the latest news and information.
Dear Editor,It’s quite late at night and sleep is yet to visit me as I lay awake submerged in the sad reality that life in Guyana has come full circle and we are once again starkly staring at a full-fledged PNC dictatorship. But this time it is far worse than that which Guyanese had experienced during the period 1964 to 1992.This time, it began almost as soon as the PNC-dominated coalition assumed Office with the complete disdain and utmost defiance of the Supreme Law of the land which ironically was conceived and given birth to during the same dark era of Burnham’s PNC dictatorship rule.It was equally sad to helplessly stare in bewilderment as two of Cheddi Jagan’s self-proclaimed ‘disciples’, Moses Nagamootoo and Khemraj Ramjattan, joined hands with the very people who had terrorised, impoverished and oppressed the entire Guyanese nation and have now themselves metamorphosed into an integral part of the growing PNC dictatorship.In fact, they have now become worse dictators having immersed themselves in the wealth snatched from the blood, sweat and tears of the taxpayers. Ill-gotten wealth which could have fed the children of the thousands of jobless persons, which could have created jobs for our young people and which could have improved the healthcare of the poor masses. All these are issues which they have fought against the same PNC which they now gleefully embrace.The masses in Guyana are poor people, of which multitudes have fled from their homeland in a courageous quest to bring good to themselves and families and they live abroad with the earnest hope that one day those living in poverty will live an improved life in an economically prosperous environment. In 1992, we saw the advent of such a life as Guyanese were taken from dire poverty and oppression into a journey which saw their lives improved almost on a daily basis.Guyana was taken from bankruptcy to prosperity and for 23 years had almost forgotten the 28 years suffered under the PNC dictatorship when it was a crime to eat food! Empty shelves became filled as never before and Guyanese were becoming owners of homes and luxurious items as not only needs but wants were fulfilled.Our National Treasury was once again becoming filled as we moved up the economic ladder to become a middle-income country. Guyanese had started to go to the US on vacation enjoying their ten-year visa. But this came to an end in 2015 which saw the venomous resurgence of the PNC and the diminishing of such holiday visas as Guyanese once again are seen as fleeing from economic hardships.The coalition’s adamant refusal to abide by the Constitution and the defiance for the rule of law has exposed its true dictatorial nature, not only to Guyanese but to the world at large. It took a meagre four years for that to materialise! Many Guyanese had thought that in this new era, that the PNC, after several baptismal names change, would have learnt an invaluable lesson from the 28 years it was in Government and sought to erase that sinister and catastrophic image it had indelibly carved in their psyche.But that was not to be since the true PNC characteristic began to emerge on a daily basis as squandermania, corruption, cronyism, criminal activities and harsh taxation measures wreaked havoc as the balance of payments deficit grew, our gross domestic product declined and economic development took a plunge. We now have bigger budgets but equally bigger corruption.It now becomes clear that the coalition is bent on an illegal trajectory to remain in power even if it means to once again become a pariah to the civilised nations of the world.They believe that the revenue from oil will see them through this time around but they are mistaken. Guyanese will not allow the PNC to get away with its dictatorial rule this time. We demand that democracy prevails!We have had enough of poverty and hunger under the PNC and we must now stand up to this PNC monster which once again threatens to gobble this nation. We demand that GECOM’s Chairman be appointed and elections be held by September 18, 2019, as per our Constitution and the CCJ’s rulings. We demand that the delaying tactic of House-to-House Registration be jettisoned immediately! We want no more PNC fabricated delaying tactics!Yours sincerely,Haseef Yusuf
By Baba SillahIn analyzing state power and resistance in Liberia, one must draw lessons from history, particularly the history of last five decades which teaches that resistance can be complicit in reproducing domination, if its only goal is political power, and its only strategy lies within the structures of the very power it resists. The histories of the administrations of presidents William Tolbert, Samuel Doe, Charles Taylor and Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf are replete with instances whereby regime critics cease to criticize just when their criticisms are most needed – when they shall have attained access to the corridors of political power. This is true with only slight variations across administrations. Many of the leaders of those resistances, haven been appointed to strategic positions in the Executive or incorporated as so-called ‘special advisors’, soon realize, as if by epiphany, that abandoning the cause was in fact a convenient compromise. The consequences, however, were often grievous. The problem which arises therefore does not lie necessarily with the inclusion of critical voices in government. After all, it is often said that the best place to orchestrate change of a system is from within. Rather, the problem lies in the question: what happens to those voices when they shall have secured their places within the corridors of state power? More often than not, they begin to practice self-censorship, and their silence is heard through its strident absence! This trend drains the reservoir of political critique, or at least saps it; thereby reinforcing the perception that resistance is in fact merely a situational strategy useful only when critics have not yet been welcomed to the banquet of political spoils.There should not be much difficulty in comprehending why critical voices co-opted by government go silent, or in some cases, are reborn as some of the most unapologetic defenders of the very government they once criticized. Certain levels of participation in governmental politics in Africa tend to guarantee the distribution of rent and other benefits. The need to secure such benefits therefore demands strict alignment of opinions and public elocution with regime talk-points. But critical voices do not invent the situations about which their critiques are anchored. Those critiques find their original and spontaneous expressions in the objective realities which citizens confront on a daily basis. While critical voices are necessary for giving structure to, and lending wider dissemination to the critiques of governance through their articulation, the critiques themselves are simply products of the lived experiences of the people whose voices are heard only along the peripherals. These people constitute the masses!The organizers of the planned “7 June Save The State” protest must be given due credit for sharpening the consciousness of Liberians today. However, they are only the faces of the protest, the people are its backbone without whom it will crumble. It is the people en mass who suffer under a declining economy, ballooning inflation, debilitating effects of corruption and poverty, and the growing sense of insecurity associated with the brazen threats to the peace by so-called “ex-generals.” When the government unagreeably and surreptitiously debits monies from accounts funded by donor partners meant for quick-projects affecting the wellbeing of ordinary citizens such as the Liberia Social Safety Nets Project, Liberia Urban Water Supply Project, Ebola Emergency Response Project, among others, it is the people who suffer. That is why we believe that any dialogue between the Government of President George Manneh Weah and the organizers of the protest must be expanded to include such stakeholders as the Inter-Faith Council of Liberia; the University of Liberia Student Union (ULSU); the Civil Servants Association; the Marketing Association of Liberia; the University of Liberia Faculty Association (ULFA), and such other stakeholders as may be necessary to build confidence and a broad public consensus. Some have already begun to falsely impute self-seeking motives to the organizers of the June 7 protest. We have read on social media and other outlets that the protest organizers are only protesting because they lack control of government. The worn-out but dangerous ‘Congo vs. Country’ rhetoric has also found its way into the public discourse, vociferously propagated by senior members of the Weah’s administration who believe the president is being criticized because of his identity as an indigene. Such claims are not only bereft of any iota of reason, to be dismissed by serious observers of the declining state of governance; but they also carry a dangerous potency reminiscent of Liberia’s recent civil carnage.To provide further assurances that the protest is not about the interest of a few individuals, it would necessary for its organizers to honor the call to dialogue by President Weah.In the spirit of concretizing the outcomes of such a dialogue (if it proceeds), we make the following recommendations to both the organizers of the planned protest (The Council of Patriots) and the Government of Liberia:That the dialogue be expanded to include such stakeholders as the Inter-faith Council of Liberia; the University of Liberia Student Union (ULSU); the Civil Servants Association; the Marketing Association of Liberia; the University of Liberia Faculty Association (ULFA), representatives of ECOWAS, AU, and the UN, as well as such other stakeholders as may be necessary to build confidence in the dialogue;That a communique outlining the points and issues discussed, resolved, and agreed upon at the dialogue be prepared, signed by the stakeholders and immediately disseminated for domestic and international confidence building;That such communique must contain concrete time-bound commitments from the government which make good-faith efforts to address the issues raised by the leaders of the protest. A central commitment of government must include credible anti-corruption measures meant to renew public trust and ensure accountability and transparency in crucial aspects of governance.Liberia will grow from our collective efforts, or bleed from a similar neglect and lack of consensus-making. Let Liberians choose the former. Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
The BBQ lunch will be held at Trailblaze’n Power, where there will also be a draw available for a chance to win prizes from the store.The event will also give people an opportunity to register for Moose ATV Club memberships, which cost $20.00.Also available will be club memberships with Gearbox Motorized Recreation, a promotional rate which provides customers a 25 per cent discount on ATV insurance.- Advertisement -Sunday, July 15 is the final day this promotional rate is available.For more information on the Moose ATV Club, visit its official website.
A remarkable ceremony to mark the grave of one of Celtic FC’s founding members is to be held in Co Donegal on Saturday week.In conjunction with the Celtic Graves Society there will be a family ceremony in Frosses graveyard to mark the grave of Joseph Francis McGroary who 125 years ago was part of the committee responsible for founding Glasgow Celtic.Those who will attend the ceremony will include a member of Celtic FC, members of the McGroary family and members of the Association of Donegal Celtic Supporters club. All Celtic supporters are welcome to attend the event and flowers/tributes can be laid at the graveside.Born in Glasgow in 1865 his father Bernard was from Inver, Donegal and Joseph maintained connections with Donegal throughout his life, spending his last days in the town of Mountcharles.He was married in August 1888 in Mountcharles to his sweetheart Catherine Cannon from Drumkeelan. He was one of the first post-Reformation Catholic solicitors in Glasgow and active in the city’s Irish political scene.A pupil of St. Aloysius College along with other early Celtic figures such as John H McLaughlin and Joseph Shaughnessy he later represented it in elections for the city’s Catholic Union and was a member of the Irish National League along with other key figures in the foundation of Celtic FC. After meetings were held to establish a new Irish Catholic football club in the East End of Glasgow in late 1887, Joseph McGroary was one the club members elected to be part of, in Willie Maley’s words, ‘the Committee formed to carry through the great work’.Joseph was a Celtic committee member at various times throughout the club’s tumultuous first decade and played a significant role in the stormy debate over the direction the club would take in becoming a limited liability company in 1897.A colourful character, Joseph left Glasgow for Brooklyn, USA 1898 before returning to Mountcharles some four decades later, where he passed away in 1937. He provides a direct connection between the County Donegal and Celtic FC from the club’s earliest days.This commemoration has been organised in association with the Donegal Gathering and is one of a series of events designed to invite the Donegal Diaspora home in this year-long celebration of all things Irish. UNIQUE GRAVE CEREMONY TO REMEMBER CELTIC FC GREAT was last modified: August 28th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:celtic fcFrancis McGroaryFROSSESgrave
_This podcast series is excerpted from a two-day class called “Building Science Fundamentals” taught by Dr. Joe Lstiburek and Dr. John Straube, of Building Science Corporation._For information on attending a live class, go to BuildingScienceSeminars.comIn our last show, Dr. Joe Lstiburek discussed a real world example of poor indoor air quality. This week, Dr. John Straube puts our buildings’ energy and resource demands into perspective and contemplates why we’ve let them get to the state they’re in.__________________________________________________This is going to be an issue that’s going to affect how you do your business, and how you live your life for the next little while, so we’re going to talk about the connection between green building, sustainability, building science, and maybe we’ll come to a little bit of an understanding on what we need when we talk about green buildings: what we need, why we would want to go there, and how you’d want to go about doing it in a broad sense.Buildings are the biggest consumersSo why do we worry about green buildings? Well, the first thing is that buildings consume a lot of resources. And I think most of us know that, but they don’t realize the extent to which buildings use resources. It’s the most consumptive kind of industry on the planet. We use more resources at a larger dollar value than the automotive industry combined with the aerospace industry. We use more energy than pretty much any industry that you can put your finger on. The reason that we don’t notice this as much is that it’s a very disaggregated industry. So some of the largest home builders might have turnovers of a few billion dollars, but there’s only a few of them and there’s tens of thousands of people who are working at the smaller level. And so, unlike the Boeings and the Airbus industries, where there are only a few companies that dominate, in the construction and building industry there are tens and hundreds of thousands of relatively small companies — we don’t realize the impact.Now they consume a lot of money, consume a lot of resources, consume a lot of energy. And they also pollute, displace, and destroy habitats. I mean it’s pretty obvious when you pave over farmland and put in a strip mall; you’ve displaced some sort of habitat. Now, how much we continue doing that is, of course, arguable, but it is not arguable that they do displace habitat. We also have to recognize that they’re a durable good. So when we complain, say, about the energy content of a pair of running shoes, or a laptop computer, that is a problem that can be fixed very quickly. It doesn’t consume a major part of your household income to buy running shoes. And if the running shoes that you purchase are badly built of environmentally inappropriate materials, within one year you have to get a new pair of running shoes anyway. So you can fix the problem and react to the crisis. When you build a building, you have created a liability for society for the next at least twenty years — maybe one hundred years. Or you’ve provided an asset to society for the next twenty to one hundred years. Depends what you’ve delivered.Durability plus efficiency equals economyAnd this is why there are a lot more codes and standards related to buildings — because they last a long time. A median life for a building might be something like thirty-five years — halfway through its life would be thirty-five years. And that’s why, of course, when we do our energy calculations, we try to figure out what kind of insulation we should put in the wall. We of course use the energy price for thirty-five years from now. That would be the rational approach to saying, “So, if you’re going to make a product that lasts seventy years, we would obviously do our economic calculations based on what the energy would be in thirty-five years.” Right? That’s what a rational economist would do.Do we do that? Of course not! In fact we haven’t been doing that for the last thirty-five years.Since the Department of Energy’s energy information agency started reporting data, and making projections about energy, they have never once been right. They have always under-predicted the cost of energy because most of the time they assume energy increases at the rate of inflation. And in the last thirty years it’s more than doubled that. The rate of inflation for energy, depending on whether you’re talking electric, natural gas, or oil, is on the order of 8% per year, compounded. If you use those types of analyses and look at a lifespan of thirty-five to seventy years, you come up with completely different answers than what the code is. The code is, of course, a minimum, right? But in, let’s say in Massachusetts — putting R-40 in an attic doesn’t make economic sense. Economically, knowing what we know today, continuing a straight-line projection of energy prices as they’ve increased over the last thirty-five years, R-40 wouldn’t make economic sense. And yet we put in R-40. In commercial buildings as Joe described with the R-2 window-wall enclosure for a condominium or an office building, [R-2] doesn’t make any sense today. With today’s energy prices [better envelope features have] almost no payback period. Most of the time you can pay that back just by saving on mechanical costs. So the lifespan we look at in buildings is quite different, and that isn’t the only problem if we look at it properly in today’s prices.So all of these things say that buildings are becoming an increasing focus if you look at the environment beyond our building industry. Recently the auto industry has had this bill passed where they’re going to have to raise their fleet fuel efficiency from the low twenties to thirty-five miles per gallon. And yet, the auto industry is not the biggest producer of CO2, it is not the largest consumer of energy. The building industry is. And eventually someone’s going to have to figure out that the building industry needs to be regulated, and we need to deliver what’s possible, technically and economically.Now, I’ll show you some numbers that show that people are starting to recognize this; they’re starting to notice that the building industry is the one that’s out of sync with the rest of the world. So that’s why insulation standards are very likely to increase, mechanical equipment standards are likely to increase, and being able to answer to the demands of better buildings is likely to increase.Exactly how much energy do buildings use?So I think we’ve all seen the images and the statistics about energy consumption, and resource consumption of buildings: 35-50% of all energy consumed, depending on the country, is used in operation and production of buildings — about 40% in North America. Because it’s such a large industry, we do produce pollution when we’re generating the building materials. When we’re actually making the building itself, we dig big holes in the ground and chop down forests. The good thing about chopping down forests is that people notice it, and it looks ugly. And so there have been campaigns for twenty years to reduce the wanton chopping down of forests, and the wood industry has actually risen to the challenge of providing more wood today than there was ten years ago. There’s more standing wood almost every year in the last fifteen years in America than there was the previous year. The challenge has gone from providing enough wood, to providing enough bio-diversity, rainwater runoff and erosion control, and they’re moving towards that. It’s easier to hide large holes in the ground where people are mining iron ore or cement because they’re kind of localized, you only need a few square miles, and people don’t usually hike through them. But those industries are all starting to respond.And we can’t ignore — although we’re going to ignore it in this seminar series — we definitely have to think about how communities are put together. Because communities and how they’re put together are probably as important as the building enclosure and mechanical systems package. Two-thirds of all the electricity in America is consumed in buildings, and that’s pretty important because the electricity is also the pollution-intensive form. People see electricity as some sort of clean energy source; it isn’t in North America. We could make it clean; but we’re not there yet. Right now electricity is the dirtiest form of power, so we’re always trying to minimize it the most, and use it the most efficiently. Purchased energy in buildings alone cost almost 500-billion dollars this year, 2008. Five-hundred billion dollars a year! We could wage a major war in some far-off country for that amount of money. Seven-hundred and fifty-seven million tons of carbon dioxide, which is a pretty large percent of the US total — a little over 8% of the world’s CO2 comes from American buildings. That’s a pretty big number right there. And of course it’s the largest source of sulfur dioxide, which produces acid rain and so on.Now, we talked about the R-value over a thousand years in a couple of case studies — you know, simple buildings. You look at it and say, “Well, okay, those are just case studies. What is the whole building stock doing?”Identifying the most efficient buildingsWell, every three years the Department of Energy does a comprehensive survey of commercial and institutional buildings. Ten thousand is the normal sample size. And they ask all kinds of questions about what happens in that building, how people use it, where it’s built, size, date, etc. And they collect the energy use, [most recently] in 2003. So, if you were to know nothing else about a commercial building, when you purchased it, other than its age, then the lowest energy use building would either be the buildings built before 1920 or buildings built in 2000 to 2003 — brand new buildings.And this is not because buildings built before 1920 don’t have computers in them. If you drive in downtown Boston, you’ll see lots of 1920s buildings have lights, elevators, and air conditioning, all that kind of modern convenience features. This is the energy used in 2003. The difference is that the building enclosure and the building systems used in these older buildings were inherently more energy efficient. And the reason they are inherently more energy efficient isn’t because people in 1920 were smart, it’s because energy was much more expensive in 1920. We forget that. Energy costs in New York City and Chicago at the turn of the century were — depending on the type of energy you’re talking about — were double, triple, quadruple what we pay today. Electricity was quadruple the cost, and heating your building with coal was about double the cost, as it is today.So those buildings were actually more economically sensible than many of the buildings we build today, even though today we have lots of interesting technologies that allow us to dramatically reduce this number. So this number here is showing eighty-thousand BTUs per square foot per year, and that’s a metric, an energy metric that you can actually measure on your own building. Figure out how much gas you use, how much electricity you use, convert it into BTUs and then divide by the square footage. That’s how complicated it is. And many buildings, you know, good buildings are in the ’30s. Buildings in the ’30s don’t cost a lot.Better architecture might solve some big problemsSo Ed Mazria — how many of you have heard of Ed Mazria? Usually the architects have heard of Ed Mazria because he’s an architect — did a lot of work in the ’70s on passive solar design, and then went back into the hills when oil prices dropped to ten bucks. And in the last few years he’s come back out of the hills and been on this campaign of saying that architecture has the major role to play in controlling climate change because of the energy impacts. And one of the things he’s got is that, well, architecture is more than just the buildings — it affects cities. There are parts of the industrial complex where the office spaces are, and so on, they’re affected by the architecture, and therefore if you add all those components together, he figures about 50% of all the energy consumption in the United States is somewhat under the label of architecture.And more disturbingly, he finds that the CO2 emissions of buildings has risen faster than any other segment. Industry has actually sort of flattened out. And you’ll notice that it was on a similar trend as transportation and buildings until somewhere in the ’70s — it’s funny, somewhere right around 1973 to ’75 there was a major change in how industry was emitting CO2. Huh, wonder what that might have been? And that was, of course, the first oil crisis, as they called it. And the second oil crisis in ’79 you can also see. Well then the industry had it and they said, you know the writing’s on the wall, energy prices are going to be expensive, we’re going to have to do something about it. And what they did, was people started counting — they had found out how much energy each process used, went around and made life-cycle cost decisions on using premium efficiency motors, and when we should insulate, and the energy consumed has pretty much stayed flat since that time. Largely, but not exclusively. Largely through energy-efficiency measures.Smarter long-term choices for builders and buyersThe same affect has not happened in buildings because people do not have rational decision-makers when they design buildings. Nobody’s actually saying, “So how much energy am I going to use?” Well, what is the ten-year payback, or the twelve-year payback, on this choice of this electric motor for a fan vs. that electric motor for a fan? And because they don’t make those decisions, our energy consumption continues to go up.It’s a similar situation in transportation. Trucks have gotten more energy-efficient, trains have gotten more energy-efficient, and planes have gotten more energy-efficient. Personal automobiles have gotten less efficient because people who purchase personal automobiles don’t make rational, economic choices. How else do you explain driving Suburbans to work? You know, the odds of you needing to seat twelve people, or pull a stump out on the way home from work seems pretty low. And rationally you would just rent such a vehicle the one day in three years you need to do so. So those irrational decisions explain both the rate of increase both in transportation, and in buildings. It’s not that it doesn’t make economic or good business sense.In the residential sector there were some pretty major improvements made in energy efficiency, unlike in the commercial segment. And they were made because of regulation. And before 1950 houses used a lot of energy, and over time the heating, especially the space heating, went down, air conditioning went up, appliances were staying about constant. But major changes were in water heating and space heating. And that trend dropped, or ended in the 1990s. in the 1990s our household energy consumption went up again. And there are a couple of reasons for this. One is that the codes stopped enforcing tighter regulations in the ’80s, so in the ’90s the result came home to roost. The second thing was larger homes. People continued to build larger and larger buildings. And those larger buildings obviously consumed more energy. Even though the household size is still a household, it’s got more square footage. So, again it’s not because we can’t make more energy-efficient buildings, it’s not because it doesn’t make economic sense, it’s because we haven’t chosen to.
By Kathleen BeallDomestic violence (DV) is seen as a multilayered issue. Theorists and researchers have varied perspectives on the best way to make sense of this pervasive problem within our society. In previous blogs, we’ve highlighted warning signs and definitions. We’ve also distinguished between different types of domestic violence and what types of assessments and interventions can be utilized by clinicians and advocates helping families who struggle with each type. Today we are featuring guest blogger, Kathleen Beall who has provided her perspective on the Pitfalls of Existing Theories Explaining Domestic Violence and a Mental Health Perspective based on a recent article by Corvo & Johnson (2013) .[Flickr, The Last Straw by Jarkko, CC BY-ND 2.0] Retrieved on September 23, 2015Pitfalls of Existing Theories Explaining Domestic Violence and a Mental Health PerspectiveDomestic violence is a family problem with far reaching consequences. Two key views are commonly used to explain why such violence occurs: the Feminist/ Sociocultural view and the Social Learning Theory/ Intergenerational Transmission view point. Today, I’m exploring the pitfalls of these two theories and offer an explanation as to why it may be helpful to include a psychological and psychosocial viewpoint as proposed by Corvo, & Johnson, (2013) .Tackling the Existing Theoretical Perspectives:Feminist/ Sociocultural Viewpoint: This viewpoint is the basic groundwork upon which many DV intervention programs are built. This perspective asserts that domestic violence stems from an underlying patriarchy that is engrained into the culture of our society. From this perspective, violence is considered a form of power and control that is used to oppress women.Pitfalls:The term “patriarchy” is often ambiguous and imprecisely definedThis viewpoint asserts that the violence is only against women which has proven to be incorrect based on the amount of female-on-male DV that occurs each year and refrains from looking at same-gender couple violence.Violence against men has been proven to be more culturally acceptable than violence against women (Dixon & Graham-Kevan, 2011) .While this viewpoint has shown to have some research to back up its claims, the statistical significance is very limited and lacks sufficient empirical evidence to support the theory as a whole.Social Learning Theory/Intergenerational Transmission: Social Learning Theory is based on the concept that we learn from watching those around us. This can be a child watching a parent or an adult modelling the action of their peers; we learn from those who are more experienced than ourselves. Based upon this idea, the Intergenerational Transmission viewpoint was formed. This perspective asserts that domestic violence is a learned act, passed down from generation to generation. Men watch their fathers abuse their mothers and are therefore more inclined to abuse their intimate partners.Pitfalls:Although this theory has more empirical support than the feminist perspective, meta- analysis shows only a modest overall effect size of r=.18 (Stith, Rosen, Middleton, Busch, Lundeberg & Carlton, 2000) .There are likely other variables that are causing the violence in the cases that carry a strong correlation.[Flickr, Special Emphasis by Fairfax County, CC BY-ND 2.0] Retrieved on September 23, 2015Ockham ’s Razor: Sometimes Simple is BetterA review of existing theories and literature has brought Corvo et. Al. to a more simplistic conclusion: maybe mental disorders can be used to explain the domestic violence. Much of the widely used research and literature on domestic violence have concluded that perpetrators of domestic violence are no more likely to have mental disorders than their non-abusive counterparts. However, research by Danielson, Moffitt, Caspi, and Silva (1998)  has shown conflicting results. These researchers looked at data from 1,037 participants in the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study and found that 58% of participants who were considered perpetrators of physical domestic violence met criteria for “some diagnosis” based upon the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders (DSM). That number jumped to 88% among the perpetrators of severe physical violence.Although it seems like a simplification of domestic violence to say that all those who abuse their partners have some form of psychopathology, it is a perspective that can be taken into deeper consideration when researching domestic violence patterns. Rather than blaming society or culture for the actions of individuals, it may be time to look more closely at those who carry out the violence and less at society as a whole. This could lead to progress with how the mental health community approaches treatment with perpetrators of violence. While years ago, a child who couldn’t sit still or focus in class would be labelled a trouble maker or a class clown, now we know that the child is likely suffering from ADHD. This is a clear diagnosis with viable treatment and interventions that have been found helpful. Perhaps, if looking with a mental health lens, the actions of an abuser may be the symptoms of underlying personality disorders, PTSD, or depression. This is an area in which one must tread carefully, however, so as to not strip the responsibility of the abuse away from the perpetrator. Instead, perhaps we could consider adding mental health evaluations when treating domestic violence in an attempt to address the problem holistically.References Corvo, K., & Johnson, P. (2013). Sharpening Ockham’s Razor: The role of psychopathology and neuropsychopathology in the perpetration of domestic violence. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 18(1), 175-182. Dixon, L., & Graham-Kevan, N. (2011). Understanding the nature and etiology of intimate partner violence and implications for practice and policy. Clinical Psychology Review, 31(7), 1145–1155. Stith, S. M., Rosen, K. H., Middleton, K. A., Busch, A. L., Lundeberg, K., & Carlton, R. P. (2000). The intergenerational transmission of spouse abuse: A meta-analysis. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(3), 640–654. Danielson, K. K., Mofﬁtt, T. E., Caspi, A., & Silva, P. A. (1998). Comorbidity between abuse of an adult and DSM-III-R mental disorders: Evidence from an epidemiological study. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 155(1), 131–133.Kathleen Beall, an undergraduate student in the Family, Youth, and Community Sciences Department at the University of Florida, is a guest blogger for the MFLN Family Development concentration.
WFI backs Narsingh, says it’s a conspiracy null Rio-bound athlete Inderjeet fails dope test. File Photo – PTI Just a few days after wrestler Narsing Yadav was caught for doping, another Rio Olympics qualified athlete Inderjeet Singh, a shot putter, has failed a dope test as his ‘A’ sample returned positive for a banned substance.28-year-old Inderjeet, the reigning Asian Champion, tested positive for a banned steroid and he has been informed by National Anti-Doping Agency. His out-of-competition test was done on June 22, sources told PTI.The NADA has asked the Haryana athlete, who had won a silver in the 2014 Asian Games, if he wants to test his ‘B’ sample and if so, to do this within seven days.If the ‘B’ sample also tests positive, he will have to miss Rio Olympics beginning August 5, besides facing the prospect of being banned for four years under the new WADA Code.Inderjeet is one of those athletes who does not train at the national camps. He normally trains on his own with his personal coach.He is one of the first track and field athletes who qualified for the Rio Olympics as he made the cut last year itself. He had a training stint earlier this year in the United States under funding of the Sports Ministry’s Target Olympic Podium (TOP) Scheme. RELATED COMMENTS Rio-bound athlete Inderjeet fails dope test. File Photo – PTI Rio 2016: Sprinter Dharambir under dope cloud July 26, 2016 athletics COMMENT Freestyle wrestler Narsingh Yadav fails dope test SHARE Narsingh demands CBI probe into doping scandal SHARE SHARE EMAIL Published on India at Rio: Biggest contingent eyes richest medal haul ×