Researchers Study Diggcom to Investigate Collective Attention

first_imgIn a world where millions of people are bombarded with thousands of messages daily, understanding how some messages become popular among large populations is vital for successful advertising, marketing and journalism strategies. The researchers also analyzed the probability distribution of stories based on the total number of diggs received, which is approximately log-normal. Specifically, most popular stories quickly climb to 200 diggs, but the largest section (20%) tops off at between 400 and 600 diggs. After that, the distribution of diggs drops off more gradually, with a handful reaching up past the 3000-digg mark.This study is one of the first to analyze data on collective attention from very large groups of people in a non-laboratory, yet isolated, setting. As such, the researchers hope that the results will help experts in choosing which items to display in different types of news media, advertising, or any other medium that relies on social networking to spread its content.“Our theory points to a methodology for displaying content on a portal,” Huberman said. “If one is interested in maximizing the number of views of the portal, then given our theory and a few measurements, they can decide on posting the newest stories first (like digg does now) or the more favorite ones.”More information:HP’s Information Dynamics Lab: www.hpl.hp.com/research/idl/Wu, Fang, and Huberman, Bernardo A. “Novelty and collective attention.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. November 6, 2007, vol. 104, no. 45, 17599-17601.Copyright 2007 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Explore further AI creatives play with scary music, zany costume ideas as part of Halloween Researchers Fang Wu and Bernardo Huberman from Hewlett-Packard Laboratories in Palo Alto, California, thought that the popularity of an idea or item in a large population should depend on its novelty, which tends to decrease over time due to a variety of factors. In order to test this idea, the researchers analyzed how a news story propagates on the interactive Web site digg.com. Their results, which are published in PNAS, analyze 29,864 popular digg stories during the year 2006, with more than 1 million users determining the popularity of the submissions.“The greatest significance of our results is that we were able to establish a connection between novelty and collective attention in large groups of people,” Huberman told PhysOrg.com. “Psychologists have studied the interplay between novelty and attention with human subjects for many years, but never at the group level on such a scale.”Among Wu and Huberman’s results is the existence of a natural time scale over which attention grows and fades. Since the researchers only considered popular stories (those which made it to the front page, based on a complex algorithm), the initial growth must be rapid. However, once a story makes it to the front page, the data indicate a straight correlation between the average log of diggs and the time variance. In other words, the more popular a story becomes, the faster it spreads.“Basically, at any given time, a group of n people will read the story, digg it and tell it to others, but only some random fraction of those told will actually read and digg the story,” Huberman explained. “This process, which naively would lead to multiplicative growth in the number of diggs, is counteracted by the fact that the novelty of the story is decaying in time. When put together, this process leads to a log-normal distribution of the number of diggs and also to a fast increase at the beginning that tapers off with a rate predicted by our equations, and verified to high precision with the data.”As for the decline of interest in a story, a story’s digg rate decays, on average, following a stretched exponential law. This is because many factors contribute to the decreasing novelty of a successful story (such as topic category, time of day when it was made popular, etc.). Since individual stories tend to fade exponentially, the combined result looks like a stretched exponential. Interestingly, stretched exponentials have been used to explain other decays, such as the discharge of a capacitor and luminescence decays.center_img One result of the study: The distribution of 29,864 popular stories on digg.com by the number of diggs each story received. The log-normal distribution shows that more than half of the stories received 200-800 diggs, with the number of stories with more than 800 diggs gradually decreasing up to about 4000 diggs. Credit: Fang Wu and Bernardo Huberman. ©2007 PNAS. Citation: Researchers Study Digg.com to Investigate Collective Attention (2007, November 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2007-11-diggcom-attention.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Vehicles That Talk to Each Other Know What Lanes Theyre In

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further A group of scientists from the University of Waterloo and California Polytechnic State University are currently working on an Auto21 project called Dynamic Collaborative Driving. Within this project, the scientists have developed an intelligent lane detection system that uses communication among GPS-equipped vehicles to achieve significantly greater accuracy than with a single GPS device. Because the new system uses only low-cost GPS receivers, a filter, and an algorithm, it has the potential to be much less expensive – as well as more robust – compared to other lane detection systems.“The lowest accuracy GPS we used is the LocSense 40-CM, which has an accuracy of 5 meters CEP (Circular Error Portable),” Dao explained to PhysOrg.com. “The 5m CEP accuracy means that half of the data points fall within a circle of a 5-meter radius, half lie outside this circle. This accuracy is equivalent to 13 meters in 2dRMS, where 95% of the data points occur within a 13-meter radius. Therefore, any GPS receivers better or the same as the LocSense 40-CM can be used for lane positioning.”As the researchers explain in their study, GPS errors from multiple sources are common. Errors can occur due to the geometry of visible satellites, atmospheric effects, clock errors, and many other causes. However, the scientists note that GPS receivers that are relatively close to one another experience many of the same errors. This means that, even though absolute vehicle positions may have a large error, the relative position between vehicles has a smaller error, and can provide a more accurate location than a single GPS receiver can. By communicating GPS data among vehicles traveling within about 300 meters of each other, the precise lane of each vehicle can be determined. Emergency vehicles might even be equipped with systems that have a communication range of up to 1 km.In addition to GPS, the other two components of the system are a filter and a Markov localization algorithm. The filter minimizes the measurement noise from different GPS receivers, enhancing the system’s overall quality. “The most challenging part is designing a filter to effectively reject the receiver noise that can influence the prediction phase of the lane positioning system,” Dao explained. “We did this by using a combination of a low-pass Butterworth filter and a particle filter to eliminate this high-pitched noise.” A standard GPS receiver has an average 2D-positioning accuracy of about 13 meters. While this precision is high enough to direct you to your hotel, it’s quite a bit lower than the accuracy required to determine which lane your car is in while driving down the highway. Vehicles with GPS receivers communicating with each other can increase the positioning accuracy to a level that enables them to determine what lane they’re in. Credit: Thanh-Son Dao, et al. ©2007 IEEE.center_img With head injuries mounting, will cities put their feet down over electric scooters? Citation: Vehicles That Talk to Each Other Know What Lanes They’re In (2007, December 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2007-12-vehicles-lanes-theyre.html Then, the Markov algorithm transforms the GPS data into a lane estimate, without the need for prior knowledge. The algorithm is probabilistic: rather than making a single hypothesis for which lane a vehicle is in, the Markov algorithm maintains a probability distribution over all possible lanes for a vehicle. To determine if a vehicle has changed lanes, the system calculates the shortest distance between the vehicle’s current position estimate and the predicted vehicle path calculated using two previous position estimates. If the distance is close to zero, there is a low probability that the vehicle has changed lanes. If the distance is large, then either the vehicle is switching lanes, or there’s a curve in the road. The lane-finding algorithm can distinguish between these two possibilities by estimating the arc of the road, where a lane change would not form a large arc. Further, if a vehicle changes lanes on a curved road, the system can tell because the vehicle’s previous position will not lie on the estimated arc.The researchers tested the device both in simulations and in real road tests, where they demonstrated an accuracy of between 92 and 99%. They also noted that the algorithm could sometimes anticipate when a vehicle would change lanes before the vehicle had completed the change. They even tested the system’s ability at low speeds by calculating the lanes of two individuals walking down the street holding GPS-equipped laptops, and achieving high accuracy.“The limitation of the system lies in the fact that it only uses GPS data to estimate lane positions,” Dao said. “This might be challenging where GPS data are not available or the GPS signal is completely blocked by large obstacles, like in a long tunnel. One possible solution to this problem is to fuse the GPS with another type of sensor, such as an IMU [Intertial Measurement Unit], until the GPS data is again available.”A lane detection system could have many benefits as a component of an intelligent transportation system. For example, a lane-level navigation system could advise drivers which lane to use to reach a destination without having to make a last-minute lane change. The system could also measure lane-specific traffic conditions, and advise drivers to choose a certain lane to reduce traffic congestion. Safety could be another possibility, with the system warning the driver when swerving within a lane, and even autonomously taking control of the vehicle if needed.More information: Dao, Thanh-Son; Leung, Keith Yu Kit; Clark, Christopher Michael; and Huissoon, Jan Paul. “Markov-Based Lane Positioning Using Intervehicle Communication.” IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Vol. 8, No. 4, December 2007. Copyright 2007 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com.last_img read more

The Invisible Children With Cancer

first_imgThe Invisible Children With Cancer Kateryna Kon by NPR News Marc Silver 8.23.19 9:36am When childhood cancer is diagnosed early and treated effectively, the survival rate is impressive. In the United States, for example, the five-year survival rate for children with cancer is 80 percent.”The survival rate is much lower in many areas of the world,” says Lisa Force, a pediatric oncologist at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital and an author of a new report in The Lancet Oncology that calculates the number of years of healthy life lost due to childhood cancer in 2017.The number is astounding: 11 million years lost, due to both mortality from cancer and to complications that children experience even if they survive cancer – when you’re done with treatment you’re at high risk of nerve damage and of chronic diseases that like congestive heart failure. And of the 400,000 cases of childhood cancer diagnosed each year, 140,000 of the children die. Yet in many poor and middle-income countries, there is not even a national policy stating how childhood cancer should be addressed, says Force. Creating that kind of policy is a goal of the World Health Organization and St. Jude Children’s Hospital, who have partnered to achieve the U.N.-mandated goal to improve childhood cancer survival rates to 60 percent globally for the six key childhood cancers by the year 2030. Currently, the death rate in low- and middle-income countries is reportedly only 37 percent on average and possibly as low as 20 percent, says a spokesman for St. Jude. We spoke to Force about the report. This conversation has been edited for length and clarity.How can you come up with data on childhood cancer when some countries don’t keep registries of cases and deaths?We start with the number of deaths from cancer captured in systems around the world, from verbal autopsies and from cancer registration systems which often capture cases or diagnoses. To estimate in areas where we don’t have data, we essentially will borrow information from either surrounding areas or regions.To reduce the years lost to death and other disease, you stress that speedy diagnosis is necessary. Why is that?Childhood cancers generally progress quite rapidly. In the vast majority of cases we know they’ll be fatal without quick diagnosis and treatment. Improving childhood cancer survival will require well-functioning health systems.Are early diagnoses possible in low- or middle-income countries?It’s a challenge. You might not have a health clinic nearby. Or even if you do have a clinic and a parent brings in a child, the symptoms might present similarly to other diseases – lymph node swelling may be mistaken for something like TB; or leukemia presents with several blood cell lines being down, which may be mistaken for malaria, which may also do that.Diseases like TB and malaria and HIV claim many lives among children and adults in the developing world. Is it more important to devote funds to those diseases than to childhood cancer?We’re certainly not saying that childhood cancers are more important than any other diseases. It’s more to say that cancer has not been discussed when policymakers create frameworks that address diseases in children. Cancer is often not even brought to the table as something to consider. Or when developing a national cancer control program many governments don’t include children at all in these plans. We also know that in many of these settings, the burden of infectious diseases is declining over time as countries get better at treating them, and the burden for non-communicable diseases like cancer rises correspondingly.What’s a first step a country can take to address childhood cancers?The first step is to find out what your country is currently doing about childhood cancer and what the needs are. And what kind of programs would be helpful?An appropriate referral pathway, education of front-line providers to know what symptoms to look for, labs that will help you diagnose cancers early, and effective treatment – chemotherapy and radiation and surgery.What role can parents play?I don’t want to make everyone scared and think that everyone has cancer. But I would just generally say that there are signs to watch out for – continued fever, weight loss, night sweats, fatigue, extra bleeding, a mass that presents somewhere, external or internal. And if something doesn’t feel right with your children, if you seek medical care and you don’t feel someone is listening to you appropriately, I recommend being the best advocate for your child you can be, seeking different opinions, going back to a provider.One of the messages I get from your report and your comments is that children with cancer are invisible, in a way, in many countries.Right, exactly. I hope this report emphasizes that children get cancer around the world, regardless of whether there is a cancer registry [keeping track of cases in a country] or not. These children are vulnerable and neglected in policies that address cancers. As a global community, we need to do a better job of including them in our framework for improving our health systems. The tragic thing is for cancers that are very curable in high-income countries, the survival number is much lower in many areas of the world. It’s an unfortunate reality right now that an important prognostic indicator for survival is where that child is living.Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit NPR.last_img read more

The adrenaline rush

first_imgSo you thought climbing Mt Everest was the ultimate adventure sport? Think again because running a marathon in New York or swimming with the sharks in Tahiti or even snowboarding in the French Alps are some of the other activities that might give you an adrenaline rush.As most adventure sports enthusiasts will know, India has quite a variety of adventure sports on offer and one need not necessarily get their passports stamped to ride the adrenaline wave. From Rishikesh to Goa – it is not about water scooters and mountain climbing only. From bungee jumping to paragliding, deep sea diving to siking – everything is on offer. And the best thing is – not too far away from the national Capital.   Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’For Soin, who has explored six continents including the Arctic and believes in risk-taking, adventure travel and sports is ‘all about coming out of the comfort zone to experience moments of bliss’.‘I have gone for numerous desert safaris and forest expeditions,but my personal preference is the mountains.’ says the mountaineer who participated in the first speaker series hosted by the journal here recently.Similarly, for 55 year old Susan Hunt who fulfilled her ‘dream for ever’ to summit Mt Everest, the adventure never stops. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix‘Yes I was scared. Normally I am not the kind to get scared…but at that moment, I was thinking that I could die any moment. But it was my determination that helped me to reach my goal,’ she says.Adventurer Apoorva Prasad who rock-climbed the world’s best destinations from America to Armenia says he is passionate about exploring the world and expressing what he saw and observed.The 32-year-old Prasad, who has climbed on technical rock, ice and snow from the Rockies to the Alps cautions that adventure sports comes with its share of responsibitlity. So, be prepared.last_img read more

National Museum gallery of dececorative arts gets a revamp

first_imgDecked up with some prized specimens and decorative objects of utility from 18th and 19th century, the National Museum’s gallery of decorative arts in Delhi got a makeover recently. Union Minister of Culture, Chandresh Kumari Katoch, will formally inaugurate the renovated art gallery on 5 July. The gallery would now display a fascinating set of historical objects crafted for daily, ceremonial and religious uses from a variety of materials like ivory, jade and ceramic.  Enriched with a grand set of colourful and ornate artefacts, the gallery will be opened to the art connoisseurs in the capital.last_img

Counting children as bonus audience for Mr X Emraan Hashmi

first_imgActor Emraan Hashmi says he cannot ‘risk’ making a film catering only to children. However, he hopes that his forthcoming film Mr. X on an invisible man, draws children to theatres.” I am counting kids as a bonus audience for Mr. X. I cannot take a risk of making a film only for children… it will be risky for me to do so,” Emraan said here. Directed by Vikram Bhatt, Mr. X, which releases on Friday, features Amyra Dastur with Emraan.While the actor hopes the movie is received well, he says he is neither attached to success nor to failure.“I have learnt from my mistakes. As an actor, I am neither attached to the success nor to failure. I feel success is more dangerous,” he said.Emraan will be seen as an invisible ATS officer in Mr. X.last_img

Birth order has little impact on personality

first_imgWhether you become a perfectionist or rebellious has very little to do with your birth position in the family, says a new study.“We found no substantial effects of birth order on any of the personality dimensions we examined,” said one of the researchers Stefan Schmukle from Leipzig University in Germany.This does not only contradict prominent psychological theories, but also goes against the intuition of many people,” Schmukle pointed out. The question of whether a person’s position among siblings has a lasting impact on personality has occupied scientists for more than 100 years, the study said.Lay people as well as a scientist share a number of beliefs: First borns are supposedly perfectionists, for example, while middle children develop a talent for diplomacy and last borns are expected to be rebellious.To find out whether these differences actually exist, the researchers analysed the data of more than 20,000 grown-ups from Germany, Britain and the US. They found that central personality traits such as extraversion, emotional stability, agreeableness and conscientiousness are not affected by birth-order position. First borns were more likely to report a rich vocabulary and less difficulty understanding abstract ideas. “This effect on intelligence replicates very well in large samples, but it is barely meaningful on the individual level, because it is extremely small,” Schnukle explained. The study was published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS).last_img read more

Recovering from loss the priority for Power department

first_imgKolkata: State Power minister Sobhandeb Chattopadhyay, during his recent meeting, instructed the senior administrative officials of East and West Midnapore to take necessary steps to overcome a huge amount of loss of the department.The minister had held a high level meeting at Debra in West Midnapore recently, to take stock of the overall situation and the distribution of electricity in both the districts. Top officials of the Power department were also present in the meeting.One of the focus areas during the meeting was increasing the income of the department. During the meeting, the minister also wanted to know from the officials the names of the pockets where loadshedding was taking place.The minister also sought block-wise reports from the district officials. He also inquired if there was any village where electrification works have not been done so far.The minister picked up the issues related to various blocks during the meeting. He stressed on the importance of increasing the income of the department.He also instructed to conduct proper surveillance to check if the incidents of power theft have been taking place in the districts.It may be mentioned here that power theft has been a serious problem in some areas, incurring huge loss for the department. The department has already taken up some measures to check such incidents.It may be mentioned that the high level meeting occurred three days after some parts of Debra plunged into darkness due to the damage in the local transformer.It has been learnt that the transformer had caught fire, resulting in power cut for three consecutive days.Hundreds of villagers were seriously inconvenienced due to the incident. Chattopadhyay has instructed the officials of his department to take immediate steps to set up a new transformer in the area.last_img read more

Spreading christmas cheer

first_imgJingle Bells, Jingle Bells, jingle all the way…” The very sound of this carol is enough to assume what is around. Christmas is finally here and with that comes the time to celebrate and to bid a hearty goodbye to the bygone year, leaving us just a week to dwell on the happenings of the past year and look forward to New Year.The atmosphere, which is dipped in the festive spirit with the sound of carols, smell of freshly-baked cakes, the brightness of the lights and greenery of the Christmas (fir) tree decorated, is very enchanting for those who visit the Bethlehem, created here. It won’t be wrong to say that Delhiites definitely know how to celebrate, not only Indian festivals but international festivals as well in the “desi” style, with much ardour by adding an extra oomph to them. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’In order to do something special during Christmas and New Year, various restaurants, hotels and food joints have devised strategies to rope in customers, who are looking forward to celebrate their Christmas and New Year in style and grandeur.MAFIA, Lounge & Bar, Punjabi Bagh, has organised a musical night to celebrate Christmas with DJ Nakul Shourie on Thursday. It is also offering a variety of delicacies to pamper your taste buds. The place boasts of taking one to the world of romance with its ambiance and with the tunes of soulful music. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixUmang Garg, owner, Mafia, lounge & bar said: “Christmas is the festival of love, peace and harmony celebrated with great merriment. Mafia follows the same motto but with a different style. We have special arrangements for the festive jubilation wherein we have Christmas special musical night and a variety of food delicacies. Come at Mafia and enjoy the Christmas spirit with us.” With online shopping portals offering discounts on an array of Christmas and New Year items to their customers, wholesale and retail markets around Delhi aren’t left behind either. LED-lit Christmas trees to decorative items for homes, exquisite gift hampers, cakes and bakery products as well as other party items are at the disposal of the shoppers. “Christmas here is celebrated just like Holi or Diwali. The demand, for cakes and other bakery products for Christmas and New Year parties, rises as people start booking their orders for cakes, pastries etc beforehand for their homes as well as office parties,” said a salesman of a bakery in Hauz Khas Village.Christmas ‘bazaars’ and Christmas ‘melas’ are also popular in Delhi where one gets all the necessary items for celebrating Christmas and organising New Year bashes at home. This year, Delhi Tourism has organised ‘X-Mas Carnival’ at Dilli Haat, Janakpuri and ‘Winter Carnival’ at Dilli Haat, INA.Sudhir Sobti, Chief Manager (PR and Pub.) said: “This year we have organised two carnivals at both the Dilli Haats. At Janakpuri Dilli Haat, the ‘X-Mas Carnival’ has been organised, where for kids we have got special arrangements done such as a Santa Claus, Christmas tree and rides for the kids, carol singing, camel rides as well as various cultural programmes, so that the general populace at large can also have the feel of Christmas celebrations. Also, Christmas “bazaars” have been set up which would sell all decorative items to cater to the needs of the kids as well as adults.”last_img read more

Art science come together for Undivided Mind exhibition

first_imgA giant tub where you can float and feel like you are in space, an urban laboratory for birds to rest, a wearable sculpture that protects you from pollution, a four-armed extra-terrestrial character walking the streets of Khirkee – all this and much more will be a part of the art and science exhibition ‘The Undivided Mind’ at Khoj Studios in the national Capital.“The theme of the 2016 edition of ‘The Undivided Mind’ is health, with three sub-themes — terrestrial health, mental health and extraterrestrial health,” said  Sitara Chowfla, curator about the April 15-16 show. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“Terrestrial health refers to that which is on, or related to the earth,” she said. “This suggests an investigation into the physical health and structure of the body, the environment, the community and the interrelations between these spheres,” she added. “Mental health focuses on a psychological investigation of what constitutes health of the mind and raises questions about the socially defined state of well-being,” said Chowfla.“Finally, extraterrestrial health may refer to any object, being or idea beyond the planet Earth. This sub-theme opens up a space where the relationship between earth and other planetary bodies can be studied,” she said. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixExploring the crossover between art and science, the exhibition includes works by Alexey Buldakov (Russia), Gagan Singh (India), Johanna Schmeer (Germany), Mohan Polamar and Vivek Muthuramalingam (India), Sonia Khurana (India) and Tyska Samborska (Poland). Mohan Polamar and Vivek Muthuramalingam’s project focuses on extra-terrestrial health by using references to yoga, climate change and human evolution. Titled ‘Tub of Loss’, a giant tub filled with a solution of magnesium sulphate allows a person to float almost as easily as in space. “We wanted to create a sensory experience of separating mind from body, like we do in yoga, we also want to study how yoga can benefit astronauts and the kind of exercise they need to do,” said Vivek Muthuramalingam.  An installation at the exhibition titled- ‘Womb Narratives’ by Sonia Khurana expresses the profound encounter between science and the representation of female reproductive processes.  ‘Urban Fauna Laboratory’ by Russian artist Alexey Buldakov is an interdisciplinary project focusing on physical health and dedicated to observation of inter-species interactions in the city. “While in Delhi, I loved to observe animals and birds and found it interesting that despite the fact that species like pigeons and cats are not economically useful, people still have an altruistic relationship with them and feed them, shelter them,” Buldakov said. German artist Johanna Schmeer’s ‘Entangled Bodies’ studies the impact of pollution on the human body. “The sculpture is coated with a special paint that cleans the air. During my research, I discovered that Delhi is the most polluted,” said Schmeer.last_img read more

SSKM gets Health dept green signal to perform lung transplants

first_imgKolkata: SSKM Hospital is all set to conduct lung transplants as it has already received a clearance from the Health department in this regard.SSKM Hospital is the first government-run hospital in the state to get the permission. According to sources in the Health department, “Bengal has so far witnessed heart transplants in a government hospital but the idea of lung transplants is not only new in the city but in the entire Eastern region as well.” Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseIt may be mentioned that the hospital had got a clearance for heart transplants a few months ago. The Calcutta Medical College and Hospital (CMCH) was the first state-run hospital in the state to obtain clearance to perform heart transplants and has already performed heart transplant on two patients. But SSKM is the first hospital to have adequate infrastructure to conduct both heart and lung transplants. The hospital had applied for clearance in August 2018. It had submitted a detailed project report to the Swasthya Bhawan. Following this, the Health department carried out a survey in this regard, considering various aspects and was convinced after assessing the infrastructure. As a part of infrastructure revamp, a heart failure clinic has also been introduced at the Cardiology department of the hospital last year. The doctors of the Cardiology department would examine and treat heart failure patients at the clinic.last_img read more

Exploring benefits of black water

first_imgWe are about to enter the month of September, but the mercury is still soaring high. In this weather, the best way to survive the scorching heat is to keep yourself hydrated. Speaking for myself, in stead of gulping sodas and other sweet beverages, I have always been reaching for bottled water. However, the ever-expanding market, offering a variety in the packaged water often confuses me. Aren’t all the same – crystal clear, odourless, sparkling fluids that quenches your thirst better than any other drinks? Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”Obviously yes!” – This is what everybody of you might be thinking right now except the ones who have tasted or at least heard of ‘Black Water’.Introduced by ‘BLK’, it is a premium alkaline water infused with pH of 8+ at the source.But how is it better than my tap water?”This water detoxifies your body by removing all toxins 20times better than the normal water. It’s ultra-hydrating since it gets absorbed at a higher rate than the regular water due to its addition of electrolytes and minerals. Also, it is rich in dissolved oxygen, which is considered to be the fuel for metabolism,” says Tapasya Mundhra, Nutritionist. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveIrrespective of the uncountable health benefits, I had inhibitions about trying this product initially. It’s black water – won’t it taste and smell like sludge or rotten eggs? But on the contrary, it tasted very much like good, old-fashioned water. (With various additional benefits).Revealing other benefits of alkaline water, experts say that when the body environment becomes acidic, the body is forced into drawing balancing elements from the body itself. By balancing the acidity of the body, alkaline water helps restore bone health, fatigue and aid in osteoporosis. Also, it is a great cure for the hangover as it ensures the restoration of natural body balance quickly after consuming alcohol. Talking about the idea behind bringing this product in the Indian market, Dikshit Jhanb, Director of IRIIS says, “In the last decade or so a number of international beverage brands have entered the Indian market making this sector segmented. I saw a great potential in the non- alcoholic beverage segment, especially in the packaged drinking water sector. The main reason for me to invest and bring international beverage brands to the Indian market was that there is an increased awareness in the country in general about health, wellness and at large about getting fit and leading healthier lifestyles.”He also informs about the positive response this product is receiving which is especially coming from the segment that understands the benefits of drinking alkaline water.Considering the phenomenal feedback from the fitness and wellness industry, Tapasya Mundhara recommends this black water but at the same time feels that alkaline water is not a necessity for the human body. “I think it is not a necessity for humans — if you are taking a proper healthy diet, eating sufficient amount of fruits and vegetables, managing sleep and stress well, you don’t really need any additional supplements,” she informs.last_img read more

IHE ends in Delhi

first_imgIndia International Hospitality Expo (IHE), which was recently held at India Expo Centre and Mart, Greater Noida became the most powerful networking forum by witnessing an astounding line up of trade discussions, knowledge sessions, master classes, awards night and more.This year, the event hosted more than 650 exhibitors from all over the world into the broad categories like Food & Kitchen Equipment; Furnishing, Lifestyle & Décor; to name a few Global brands also launched their latest products as part of the IHE platform. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfPeople like Chef Manjit Gill, President IFCA; Chef Devender Kumar, President, ICF; Hari Dadoo, Fair President; and others contributed immensely for making IHE a bigger and successful event. With support from top industry bodies like Indian Angel Network HOTREMAI, ARCHII, PPFI, FSAI, ICF, IFCA, and FSSAI, and others, the show saw a new culinary height this year. IHE had a robust conference programme with top hospitality professionals as speakers, a series of Masterclasses by world-renowned chefs from India and abroad, wine sommelier training by a renowned Italian sommelier Luca Carmignani; a hospitality-inspired fashion show and an FSSAI conclave on Food Safety – IHE’ 19. Besides, a host of competitions in the food arena were also a part of the event. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveWorld recognised CEO’s, GM’s and executive chefs of restaurants and hotel chain owners made for stellar panelists for conducting various knowledge sessions. This year the expo emphasised on Himachal Pradesh being the ‘Focus State’ with several events being organised by the Tourism Department of the Government of Himachal Pradesh and Himachal Tourism Development Corporation. International countries like Vietnam, Indonesia, Peru, El Salvador, Ecuador, and others supported the expo by displaying an array of products and services from their region. Rakesh Kumar, Chairman IEML and Director-General EPCH said, “IHE 2019 concluded on a very satisfactory note. We had over 22,000 visitors from all parts of the country. We are thrilled to see the response from overseas.” Seeing this success and interest among the visitors, the next edition will take place from August 5 – 8, 2020, he informed. Hari Dadoo, President of the fair, said, “This edition of IHE was much more successful than last year. We plan to make the next edition much bigger and better.”last_img read more

47 Million worth of artifacts recovered in raids across Europe

first_imgArt and artifacts can worth big money. Think of da Vinci’s “Mona Lisa,” Edvard Munch’s “The Scream” or any Monet that has recently been on the auction block. Millions of dollars trade hands each year for masterpieces, unique objects, and ancient items. And because these articles from history are worth so much, they are prime targets for theft. Fortunately, there are numerous agencies that are continually on the hunt for stolen art and artifacts.At the beginning of July 2018, artifacts worth over €40 million ($46.6 million) were retrieved in a number of raids across Europe, under the auspices of the European Law Enforcement Agency. After a four-year-long investigation, more than 250 police officers in the UK, Germany, Italy and Spain carried out the raids.Pottery issued from , ItalyThe operation was led by the Italian military police – the Carabinieri – and supported by the British Metropolitan police, the German LKA of Baden-Württemberg, and the Spanish Guardia Civil. In total, 43 suspects were detained under suspicion of being behind the trafficking of stolen artifacts, which are believed to have been originally excavated in Italy before being sold at auction houses in Germany.In order to sell them at auction, however, the items were given fake certificates of origin and passed off as having been legitimately acquired. In all, over 250,000 items were recovered by police including coins, statues, pottery, and many fake items. Police also recovered excavation tools including metal detectors and cash. The case is believed to be the largest involving illegal extraction of Italian archaeological objects.Europol reports that thousands of illegally excavated artifacts were seized during the coordinated raids.These were not the only raids recently, however. Just prior to the “action day,” Italian police confiscated around 3,000 archaeological items and 1,200 fakes. And at the end of 2017, another 41,000 objects were recovered, including paintings, musical instruments, furniture, sculptures and ancient weapons. One ivory carving of Jesus Christ was valued at €6,000, or about $7,400. These winter raids again involved significant international cooperation and coordination, with police and customs officers from over 81 countries taking part – a noteworthy undertaking in itself.With suitcases and other baggage being monitored by customs officials, police examining websites and online “chatter,” and guides at historic sites being on alert at all times, one would think that it would be difficult to successfully steal archaeological items.The Parthenon’s position on the Acropolis dominates the city skyline of Athens. Author A.Savin CC BY-SA 3.0Anyone who has been to the Parthenon in Athens has surely experienced being hollered at for simply picking up a pebble, let alone pocketing it. And yet, pieces are stolen regularly. Some are recovered, as evidenced in the aforementioned raids, but not all. Ironically, once a famous “priceless” piece has been stolen, it actually becomes worthless, since it is impossible to sell it unless the buyer wishes to never display that piece of art for which they paid so much. And hiding it kind of takes the joy away from owning any piece of art.6 World famous landmarks that are hiding something from the public.Then there is the question of those items that have been acquired in an unscrupulous manner, or in a different era, and now reside in museums. Take the Elgin Marbles, for example. The relief sculptures once adorned the Acropolis in Athens.They were removed from Greece by the 7th Earl of Elgin, Thomas Bruce, in the early 1800s, and currently reside in the British Museum in London, England. The repatriation of these items to Greece is hotly contested by archaeologists and historians alike, and has been for years. It will not likely be resolved any time soon, however.Section of a frieze from the Elgin Marbles. Photo by ChrisO CC BY SA 3.0Indeed, the topic of repatriation of artifacts as a whole can be a difficult one for museums to broach, and yet it remains critically important to the public trust on which museums rely. Many museums, such as the Canadian Museum of History and the Canadian War Museum, work directly with indigenous populations to discuss and facilitate the repatriation of aboriginal items, particularly in reference to human remains.Read another story from us: 3,000-year-old sword discovered in Denmark is ‘still sharp’In some cases, museums are given permission to be the “caretakers” of indigenous items, which in turn serve to educate the general public and help visitors realize that all objects have history.Patricia Grimshaw is a self-professed museum nerd, with an equal interest in both medieval and military history. She received a BA (Hons) from Queen’s University in Medieval History, and an MA in War Studies from the Royal Military College of Canada, and completed a Master of Museum Studies at the University of Toronto before beginning her museum career.last_img read more

The Worlds First Flying Aircraft Carrier and the Disaster that Ensued

first_imgThe Montgolfier brothers launched the first hot-air balloon in 1783. It wasn’t long after that inventors began experimenting with ways to control and steer lighter-than-air aircraft, according to the website Space. The difficulty with such structures was that, left to their own devices, they could only offer a one-way trip, carried along in whatever direction the wind was blowing.USS Akron (ZRS-4)For them to be useful, there needed to be a way to steer them. In 1850 Pierre Julien of Villejuif demonstrated a model for a cigar-shaped airship, with a rudder, elevator, and gondola mounted underneath the front of the balloon.It had a clockwork motor that turned two air screws on either side of the center, which would propel the ship, and a light metal frame to give the airship shape and support. It was an idea designers could run with, and they did.Henri GiffardJules Henri Giffard, a French engineer, built the first full-size airship, with a small steam-powered engine that drove the propeller.It took its first flight in 1852 and traveled 17 miles. It was discovered, however, that the small engine still couldn’t overcome windy conditions in terms of steering the airship. It wasn’t until 1884 that an airship made its first successful round trip.The Giffard dirigible, created by Giffard in 1852From the early 20th century, the U.S. military has been interested in lighter-than-air craft, according to the San Diego Union Tribune. Between the world wars, the Navy constructed several enormous, helium-filled airships, also known as dirigibles. One of them was the USS Akron, known as The Queen of the Skies.Akron under construction in the Goodyear Airdock at Akron, Ohio in November 1930. Note the three-dimensional, deep rings.The Akron was designed to be a warship and the world’s first flying aircraft carrier. It had a crew of 89 and was protected by seven machine guns.The Akron, and her sister ship, the USS Macon, were meant to be reconnaissance craft. Even under the most ideal of circumstances, though, flying and controlling a lighter-than-air craft is a chancy and difficult thing.USS Macon (ZRS-5)In May 1932, the USS Akron left its Lakehurst, New Jersey base to fly to San Diego. After 77 hours of flight and encountering a sandstorm crossing over West Texas, the Akron reached the parade field at Camp Kearney, where it was supposed to land on the morning of May 11th.It was a foggy morning in San Diego, but the Akron finally hit clear skies at around 1200 feet which caused another issue – the morning sun was heating the helium inside and making the airship more buoyant.The maiden voyage of the Akron on November 2, 1931, showing her four starboard propellers. The engines’ water reclaiming devices appear as white strips above each propeller. The emergency rear control cabin is visible in the lower fin.When the Akron was low enough, it dropped docking ropes to two groups of sailors on the ground, and the sailors each grabbed one of the ropes to attach it to fixed lines with wooden toggles on the ground and then attach it to a mooring cable connected to the mooring mast.As the dirigible slowly descended, the crews on the ground worked hard to hold it in place, but suddenly the Akron’s tail rose up, nearly putting its nose to the ground. This caused tons of water to be released from the ballast bags weighing the ship down, and the ship began to rise.Pilot officers of USS Akron Air Group, 1933.The sailors holding the craft let the trail ropes go, and the Akron pulled free of the mooring mast; however, several men were still holding on to the mooring cable at the time.One man let go when he was 15 feet off the ground and broke an arm in the fall, but was otherwise all right. Three others were still clinging to the cable. Two of the remaining men fell between 100 and 200 feet, dying as a result.Still pictures from May 11, 1932 incident: the two pictures on the left and the picture at far right are of Seaman Cowart; the picture second from right shows Henton and Edsall before their fatal fall.The remaining sailor, C. M. Cowart, found a way to tie himself on, and after two hours and help from a sailor on the Akron, Cowart was reeled into the dirigible, and the craft landed again that evening.Cowart was named a hero, and a court of inquiry would cite the inexperience of the landing crew as the cause of the incident, along with unusual weather conditions.Read another story from us: Incredibly Well-Preserved 16th Century Warship DiscoveredSeveral months after the events in San Diego, the Akron went down in a thunderstorm off the coast of New Jersey.  Only three of its 76 passengers survived. Its sister ship, the Macon, continued to be in use for the next two years, but ultimately it too crashed in the ocean off Point Sur in 1935, putting an end to the Navy’s dreams of an airship program.last_img read more

Andre Iguodala needs to put some respect behind LeBrons name

first_imgMaybe Andre Iguodala still has hurt feelings over LeBron James’ chase down block of the century on him that helped clinch the title for the Cavs. Maybe his back still hurts from getting dump trucked by LeBron for seven games in the Finals. Whatever the reason, when Iguodala appeared on The Breakfast Club morning radio show yesterday, he still wasn’t prepared to give the Cavs and LeBron their full props.When the conversation turned to the Playoffs, Iguodala said the Thunder, not the Cavs, were the best team in the Playoffs.“Now that we got KD, I can say it, they were the best team in the league last year, in the Playoffs.  They were better than us, they were better than Cleveland.He added, “They should have won a championship.”This, from an Andre Iguodala radio interview, on the Thunder will only sting OKC fans more pic.twitter.com/9mxuRgirSj— Anthony Slater (@anthonyVslater) July 14, 2016Nick Wright filled for Colin today and didn’t take kindly to Iguodala’s slight to Cleveland, and more specifically, LeBron.“The whole Jordan era, everyone just bows at his alter. And now you got Andre Iguodala being like ‘Let’s be honest, let me tell you something, the Thunder were the best team, they played us better than Cleveland, who beat us.’Were you not there last week? Did your back injury, did it extend to the brain? What are you talking about man? This is how professional basketball works. Which team that has the best player on the court? You answer that one question, and you answer who wins a series 85% of the time. And  unless LeBron’s quitting, Cleveland had the best player, and has the best player.”Even though the Warriors added Durant, Nick says people shouldn’t be so quick to crown the new Warriors dynasty.“And while everyone is just hyperventilating  about the Golden State. I looked at these Finals and I said to myself, ‘You know what Golden State’s issue is? Nobody can stop LeBron.’ And you know what Golden State just did? Got rid of their three rim protectors, got rid of some of their depth, and didn’t get anyone to stop LeBron.”last_img read more

The NFL attempting to achieve perfection through replay is a mistake

first_imgThe NFL attempting to achieve perfection through replay is a mistakeNFL instant replay drew more backlash this weekend after a TD catch by by Bills wide receiver Kelvin Benjamin was reversed after being nitpicked to death on review. Colin thinks the call should have been left as called on the field, and believes the purpose of NFL replay was created to prevent bad calls from deciding the outcome of a game, not to achieve perfection.The NFL’s current practice of micromanaging every questionable call is bad for the game, and makes the fan experience worse. They need to dial it back. The Cowboys shouldn’t fire Jason GarrettMany Cowboys fans are calling for the firing of Jason Garrett, following their loss at home to the Seahawks, which eliminated them from playoff contention. Colin thinks firing Garrett would be an overreaction.He thinks Dallas is a good team, but they’re average at key skill positions, were without Ezekiel Elliott for 1/3 of the year, and Dak Prescott still has limitations in his second season. Firing Garrett won’t fix these problems.Guests:Shannon Sharpe – Co-host of Undisputed and NFL Hall of Famer is in-studio talking Big Ben and Todd Haley’s rift; his take on Jimmy g hype; and his dark horse playoff team.Greg Jennings – FS1 NFL Analyst is in-studio talking Dallas/Seattle; and why he doesn’t think the Cowboys are well coached.Mike Pereira – FS1 NFL Rules Analyst is in-studio talking NFL replay controversy; and his opinion on the reversal of a Buffalo TD against New England.last_img read more

When Will Tech Get Smart Enough to Stop Being Mens Work

first_img This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. 3 min read Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. May 21, 2015 Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now Only men should be plumbers.That sounds absurd, doesn’t it? But once upon a time, it was completely acceptable to call a male-dominated trade “men’s work.” So what about the tech field? Is this men’s work as well?Some people use this old-fashioned line of thinking to explain the glaring lack of women in tech. But does the field lack gender diversity because women are incapable of excelling in it? Or are women simply not interested in tech?The general assumption is that women are naturally inclined to pursue nurturing professions such as nursing and teaching. Men, on the other hand, head toward analytical professions because they are, supposedly, more pragmatic. But I don’t think this is the reason for the gender disparity in tech.Related: Team ‘Ban Bossy’ or Not: 3 Reasons Why Hiring Women In Tech Grows Business.I believe the more likely explanation is rooted in childhood. Girls typically aren’t encouraged to pursue careers in math and science, and they are steered toward other fields. Tech’s lack of gender diversity is a direct result of this.Organizations should prioritize diversity — in all forms. From a gender standpoint, companies that have women in leadership positions actually reap greater financial rewards than their male-leadership counterparts.Additionally, having a homogeneous workforce leads companies to neglect significant portions of their target audience. The more diverse your team, the more unique experiences members will bring to the table. This will undoubtedly lead your business to an increased level of creative innovation. The contributions of women are sorely needed for the tech space to properly grow and create products that are relevant to all types of people.Related: Richard Branson on Why Diversity Is an AdvantageThere are a number of misconceptions that keep women away from the tech world. For starters, it has the reputation of lacking creativity, diversity and flexibility. Here are a few tips that will help you create a more welcoming atmosphere for women:Don’t overlook women. If you see that a woman has applied for a job, interview her even if she seems unqualified for the position. Interviews can be a great learning opportunity for you as a leader. Ask her why she wants to work for you. Use this as a chance to better understand what attracts women to certain jobs.Talk to your current female employees. Hold regular meetings with your female employees. Ask them what they like and dislike about their jobs. Do they feel like your company is nurturing an inclusive atmosphere? Be an active listener, but also advise them on how they can provide more value to your organization.Host or attend an event geared to women. Host a “women in tech” happy hour or seminar at your company as a way to introduce your business to more women. You can also send a company representative to similar events to increase your visibility. Develop the identity of being a female-friendly company.These solutions will immediately help bring more women into the tech world. And when young girls see more women in the field, they’ll be more likely to gravitate toward it. This is crucial to tech’s long-term health.A more diverse tech industry will benefit your company and your consumers. Start the process by taking a few simple steps to create a more welcoming atmosphere for women.Related: The 4 Biggest Myths Discouraging Women From Tech Careers Enroll Now for Freelast_img read more

Ready to Ride Hyperloop One Completes Testing Tube

first_imgApril 7, 2017 Listen Now This story originally appeared on PCMag Since its first demonstration last year of the hyperloop technology that could one day propel travelers in underground pods at jet-like speeds, the startup Hyperloop One has upgraded its test track in the Nevada desert to make its case for what it hopes will be the future of intercity transportation worldwide.Hyperloop One put the finishing touches on its 1,640-foot testing tube in North Las Vegas this week. Inside the tube, pods filled with passengers and cargo will magnetically levitate and accelerate via electric propulsion to speeds approaching those of a commercial airliner. Such high speeds are attainable because of the tube’s low atmospheric pressure, which contributes to reduced aerodynamic drag. The company plans to have a team of 500 engineers, fabricators, scientists and other employees working on its technology by the end of the year. That’s a big increase from last year, when the company had fewer than 100 engineers, many of them ex-NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory employees based at the company’s headquarters in California.Last May, those engineers demonstrated their propulsion technology in front of hundreds of journalists. A small white sled accelerated to more than 100 miles an hour over a straight track of a few hundred meters, and the entire test lasted less than five seconds. One of the ex-JPL engineers, Cassandra Mercury, said at the time that the company was looking forward to testing the completed design.”We’re going to have it levitating, in a tube, with a pod, at vacuum,” she told PCMag. “That’s why they’re calling it the Kitty Hawk moment.” With the tube now completed, those tests can begin, although the company did not offer a timeframe.In addition to overcoming technological hurdles, the company has also faced legal ones: co-founder and CTO Brogan BamBrogan, along with other former employees, sued the company last summer for wrongful termination, alleging, among other things, that they were forced out for speaking to investors about cultural issues within the futuristic firm.Hyperloop One CEO Rob Lloyd said in a statement on Wednesday that the technology will “transform transportation as we know it.” He is currently promoting the hyperloop as a feasible alternative to driving or flying between cities in the same region, such as Los Angeles to San Diego, Miami to Orlando and Seattle to Portland. Problem Solvers with Jason Feifer Hear from business owners and CEOs who went through a crippling business problem and came out the other side bigger and stronger. 2 min readlast_img read more

Pharmacy Benefit Manager PBM Market Overall Study Report 20192024 With Top

first_imgPharmacy benefit manager (PBM) is a third-party administrator (TPA) of prescription drug programs for commercial health plans, self-insured employer plans, Medicare Part D plans, the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program, and state government employee plans.The Pharmacy Benefit Manager (PBM) Market research report presents a comprehensive assessment of the market and contains thoughtful insights, facts, historical data and statistically-supported and industry-validated market data and projections with a suitable set of assumptions and methodology. It provides analysis and information by categories such as market segments, regions, and product type and distribution channels.Get Sample Copy of this Report @ https://www.bigmarketresearch.com/request-sample/3196792?utm_source=RK-HTNBy Market Players: Express Scripts Holding Company, Rite Aid, CVS Health Corporation, DST Systems, Benecard Services, BioScripThe report begins with a brief introduction and market overview, in which the Pharmacy Benefit Manager (PBM) industry is first defined before estimating its market scope and size. Next, the report elaborates on the market scope and market size estimation. This is followed by an overview of the market segmentations such as type, application, and region. The drivers, limitations, and opportunities are listed for the Pharmacy Benefit Manager (PBM) industry, followed by industry news and policies.The report includes an analysis of the growth rate of every segment with the help of charts and tables. In addition, the market across various regions is analyzed in the report, including North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA. The report manifests the growth trends and future opportunities in every region.Pharmacy Benefit Manager (PBM) market is presented to the readers as a holistic snapshot of the competitive landscape within the given forecast period. It presents a comparative detailed analysis of the all regional and player segments, offering readers a better knowledge of where areas in which they can place their existing resources and gauging the priority of a particular region in order to boost their standing in the global market.The Global Pharmacy Benefit Manager (PBM) Market is gaining pace and businesses have started understanding the benefits of analytics in the present day highly dynamic business environment. The market has witnessed several important developments over the past few years, with mounting volumes of business data and the shift from traditional data analysis platforms to self-service business analytics being some of the most prominent ones.For the future period, sound forecasts on market value and volume are offered for each type and application. In the same period, the report also provides a detailed analysis of market value and consumption for each region. These insights are helpful in devising strategies for the future and take necessary steps. New project investment feasibility analysis and SWOT analysis are offered along with insights on industry barriers. Research findings and conclusions are mentioned at the end.Table of ContentsChapter 1 Executive SummaryChapter 2 Abbreviation and AcronymsChapter 3 PrefaceChapter 4 Market LandscapeChapter 5 Market Trend AnalysisChapter 6 Industry Chain AnalysisChapter 7 Latest Market DynamicsChapter 8 Trading AnalysisChapter 9 Historical and Current Pharmacy Benefit Manager (PBM) in North America (2013-2018)Chapter 10 Historical and Current Pharmacy Benefit Manager (PBM) in South America (2013-2018)Chapter 11 Historical and Current Pharmacy Benefit Manager (PBM) in Asia & Pacific (2013-2018)Chapter 12 Historical and Current Pharmacy Benefit Manager (PBM) in Europe (2013-2018)Chapter 13 Historical and Current Pharmacy Benefit Manager (PBM) in MEA (2013-2018)Chapter 14 Summary for Global Pharmacy Benefit Manager (PBM) (2013-2018)Chapter 15 Global Pharmacy Benefit Manager (PBM) Forecast (2019-2024)Chapter 16 Analysis of Global Key VendorsInquire for Discount @ https://www.bigmarketresearch.com/request-for-discount/3196792?utm_source=RK-HTNAbout Us: Big Market Research has a range of research reports from various publishers across the world. Our database of reports of various market categories and sub-categories would help to find the exact report you may be looking for.We are instrumental in providing quantitative and qualitative insights on your area of interest by bringing reports from various publishers at one place to save your time and money. A lot of organizations across the world are gaining profits and great benefits from information gained through reports sourced by us.Contact us:Mr. Abhishek Paliwal5933 NE Win Sivers Drive, #205, Portland,OR 97220 United StatesDirect: +1-971-202-1575Toll Free: +1-800-910-6452E-mail: help@bigmarketresearch.com Pharmacy Benefit Manager (PBM)last_img read more